Globally, goat meat exported from all countries totaled US$292.3 million in 2020. That dollar amount reflects an -18.9% decline since 2016 when exported goat meat was worth $360.2 million.
From 2019 to 2020, the value of goat meat exports dropped by -23.9%.
The 3 biggest exporters of goat meat are Australia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Combined, that trio of leading suppliers accounted for almost three-quarters (72.7%) of globally exported goat meat in 2020. Such a high percentage indicates a very concentrated cohort of goat meat exporters.
From a continent perspective, countries in Oceania sold over one-third (38.5%) of exported goat meat during 2020 with shipments valued at $112.6 million led by Australia and New Zealand. Close behind in second place were exporters in Africa at 37.6% while another 16.8% of worldwide shipments of goat meat originated from Europe.
Smaller percentages came from Asia (6.8%), North America (0.1%) and Latin America (0.09%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean.
For research purposes, the 6-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 020450 for fresh, chilled or frozen goat meat.
Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of goat meat during 2020.
- Australia: US$102.8 million (35.2% of total goat meat exports)
- Ethiopia: $61.8 million (21.2%)
- Kenya: $47.9 million (16.4%)
- France: $17 million (5.8%)
- Spain: $16.4 million (5.6%)
- China: $11.2 million (3.8%)
- New Zealand: $9.7 million (3.3%)
- Greece: $7.1 million (2.4%)
- Pakistan: $6 million (2.1%)
- Netherlands: $5 million (1.7%)
- Italy: $1.5 million (0.5%)
- Myanmar: $1.2 million (0.4%)
- Singapore: $1 million (0.4%)
- Romania: $684,000 (0.2%)
- Hong Kong: $413,000 (0.1%)
The listed 15 countries shipped 99.2% of global goat meat exports in 2020 by value.
Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing goat meat exporters since 2019 were: Singapore (up 221.8%), Hong Kong (up 93.9%), Spain (up 15.5%) and China (up 5.2%).
Those countries that posted declines in their exported goat meat sales were led by: Italy (down -41.5%), Australia (down -38.1%), Romania (down -32.8%), Pakistan (down -25.6%) and Greece (down -18.3%).
The following countries posted the highest positive net exports for goat meat during 2020. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. consequently, the statistics below present the surplus between the value of each country’s exported goat meat and its import purchases for that same commodity.
- Australia: US$102.8 million (net export surplus down -38.1% since 2019)
- Ethiopia: $61.8 million (down -11.6%)
- Kenya: $47.9 million (down -4.3%)
- Spain: $10 million (up 24.8%)
- China: $9.7 million (up 8.1%)
- New Zealand: $9.7 million (down -9%)
- France: $9.7 million (down -24.9%)
- Greece: $6.7 million (down -19.3%)
- Pakistan: $6 million (down -25.6%)
- Netherlands: $4.8 million (down -0.6%)
- Myanmar: $1.2 million (down -12.9%)
- Romania: $674,000 (down -33.8%)
- Zimbabwe: $257,000 (up 26.6%)
- Argentina: $242,000 (down -59%)
- Ireland: $213,000 (down -85.4%)
Australia generated the highest surplus in the international trade of goat meat. In turn, this positive cashflow proves Australia’s strong competitive advantage for this specific product category.
The following countries posted the highest negative net exports for goat meat during 2020. Investopedia defines net exports as the value of a country’s total exports minus the value of its total imports. consequently, the statistics below present the deficit between the value of each country’s imported goat meat purchases and its exports for that same commodity.
- United States: -US$77.8 million (net export deficit down -43.5% since 2019)
- United Arab Emirates: -$66.7 million (down -28%)
- Portugal: -$14 million (up 22.2%)
- Taiwan: -$12.2 million (down -1.5%)
- South Korea: -$9.7 million (up 3.1%)
- Canada: -$8.4 million (down -3.6%)
- Hong Kong: -$7.7 million (up 26%)
- Saudi Arabia: -$6.5 million (down -57.4%)
- Trinidad/Tobago: -$6 million (down -32.9%)
- Italy: -$5.6 million (down -12.8%)
- Bahrain: -$4.3 million (up 672.6%)
- Japan: -$3.6 million (up 2.3%)
- Qatar: -$3.4 million (down -22.9%)
- United Kingdom: -$2.7 million (up 102.7%)
- Oman: -$2.6 million (down -71.5%)
The United States of America incurred the highest deficit in the international trade of goat meat. In turn, this negative cashflow highlights America’s competitive disadvantage for this specific product category but also signals opportunities for goat meat-supplying countries that help satisfy the powerful need.
According to global trading platform Alibaba, the following suppliers are examples of fresh or frozen goat meat-trading exporters. The home-country location for each business is shown within parentheses.
- Agak Company Ltd (Kenya)
- Al-Muqeet International (Pakistan)
- Carnicas J Colomer Sau (Spain)
- Eiffel International Trade (France)
- Ethiopian General Import/Export (Ethiopia)
- I. Braditsas “Trofino” S.A (Greece)
- Parsa Enterprises Pty Ltd (Australia)
- Qingdao UnionGold Trade Co (China)
See also Top Beef Exporting Countries, Pork Exports by Country, Chicken Exports by Country and Top Sheep and Lamb Meat Exports
Alibaba, Supplier showroom for goat meat. Accessed on September 17, 2021
Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Field Listing: Exports – Commodities. Accessed on September 17, 2021
Forbes Global 2000 rankings, The World’s Biggest Public Companies. Accessed on September 17, 2021
International Trade Centre, Trade Map. Accessed on September 17, 2021
Investopedia, Net Exports Definition. Accessed on September 17, 2021
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