Termite Colonies Revealed
There is no such thing as an average termite colony because they have between a associate of hundred to a associate of million termites. A termite colony has lots of different types of termites and they include the Kings, the worker queens and the nymphs. The termite colony is built up of insects that are all social animals which play an integrated part in developing the colony.
The Queen Termite
Termite colonies differ from other insect hives in the sense that they have multiple queens. The dominant Queen looks after the whole insect colony, but she has several deputies to back up her role and take over the termite colony if needed. Termite Queens have larger bodies with extended abdomens which they need to lay the large amount of eggs to sustain the growth of the termite colony. Every time a Queen molts and sheds her skin, she develops an additional set of ovaries which increase her fecundity and importance to the termite colony.
The Life Cycle of the Termite
Each member of a termite colony begin their termite lives as nymphs, but they all possess sex pheromones which are a chemical cause that determines their role in the termite colony. The average workers live on average between one and two years, but the queens can survive and become more high for fifty years, which aids the growth of the termite colony.
The Termite Egg
In general the termite eggs are too small to be visible to the naked eye, because they are small but also they are translucent a white yellowish colony which masks their position. Some experts think that the termite queens can lay several thousand nymphs a day.
The termite lava is in the termite nest and they are often hidden from human view, but if they were visible the termite larva are smaller whiter versions of the insects that they will be when they mature.
Signs Of Termites:
Often the first sign of termites in a home is when the nest has become established and it is often termite droppings that are the first sign. Other visible signs are small holes in any wood in the house, as they create tubes in wood to travel safely and securely from one area of a structure to another to get food. Other give away signs are mud, sawdust, or bubbling paint. Any hollow sound associated with wood in your house is worth investigating.
Termite droppings are small on average no bigger than a grain of granulated sugar; they are dry and brown and the fecal matter is often found in mounds. They create a hole in wood to throw out their fecal matter and this is why it tends to be found in mounds.
Because of the high number of eggs a termite queen produces it is difficult to eradicate a termite nest once it has become established, but effective deterrents are possible. Treating wood with boric acid in the form of borax is a cheap and effective deterrent as is orange oil otherwise known as D-Limonene it permeates the wood with a bitter taste which tends to deter termites naturally.
In general not all woods are equal in terms of preference for the termites; they tend to prefer the conifers and hardwood, so avoiding these woods in heavily infested termite areas can be a bonus. They tend not to nest in Redwood, Western Cedar, Teak, Tallowwood, Neem Tree relatives, and many native Japanese species, so if you are building from scratch use these woods.
When you see one termite it is important to realise that they are social insects and one termite is the forerunner to many more termites.